In the event of stem cells lose the ability to produce blood cells, it becomes dangerous to the health and becomes a life threatening condition. Blood cells are vital for a body to transport oxygen and other nutrients to various part of the body. Without which survival is not possible. Elderly people who are aged above 60 are prone to such condition. Stem Cell Transplant help them revive the production of blood cells by injecting the stem cells in to the body through “central venous catheter”.
Who Undergo Stem Cell Transplant?
People who are affected by cancer or other diseases which destroy the stem cells, similarly kidney failure or diseases related to heavy blood loss might disable the stem cells which produce blood cells. Such patients are some examples, for these patients stem cell transplants are suggested by physicians depending on the body conditions.
Time it takes for a complete Stem cell transplantation:
Stem Cell transplant doesn’t happen in a day or two, it not like injecting blood, one have to spend weeks of time to get the regular blood count. These period includes regular checkup on improvement and after effects of stem cell transplant.
Side Effects of Stem cell Transplant:
Stem cell transplant can be done only after doing chemotherapy or radiation. Chemo/Radiation can result in Fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, temporary hair-loss and breathing problems. Generally people above 65 age tend to get one or more side effects which can be treated with medication.
Stem cell transplant for Cancer Treatment:
Cancer cells are destroyed in the process of chemotherapy or radiations, likewise stem cells, white blood cells and red blood cells are destroyed. Stem cell transplant injects stem cells, it travels to the bones. These stem cells help produce blood cells, in-turn it improves the overall health to a great extent.
But in some patients, cancer cells are not completely destroyed, some cells can still be potent enough to destroy the other healthy cells. In this scenario, treating the cancer becomes very difficult and the possibilities of survival is very limited.
Autologous Stem cell transplant:
In this type of transplant the existing stem cells are removed from your body and stored. After completing the high dose chemotherapy or radiation, your own stem cells are injected back to the system. At the same time, this type of transplant is not advisable for cancer patients as there are high probability of cancer cells collected along with stem cells.
“Purging” is the process to treat the stem cells when it is removed, but it is not a fool proof treatment.
Repeating the Autologous stem cell match transplant for the second time is called as Tandem Transplant. But most doctors and scholars don’t believe in doing two transplants to a patient. Side effects and risk of cancer coming back is high in Tandem Transplant.
Allogeneic Stem cell transplant:
This type of transplant injects other people’s stem cell in to the system. It is important that the stem cell closely matches your stem cell. Donor can be your blood relation or anybody else whose stem cell matches better. Ideal for cancer patients.